Background

Publications

Read our latest policy briefs, summary reports and other publications to get cutting-edge insights into effective climate policies.

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Implications of announced Phase 2 National Allocation Plans for the EU ETS

The authors quantified the volume of free allowances that different national allocation plans proposed to allocate to existing and new installations,…

Second Phase NAPs: Comparison Tables

Combining efforts of an international team of experts, the available Second Phase National Allocation Plans are evaluated against detailed criteria. The…

Auctioning of EU ETS phase II allowances: how and why?

The European Directive on the EU ETS allows governments to auction up to 10% of the allowances issued in phase II…

Allocation and competitiveness in the EU emissions trading scheme: Policy overview

The European emissions trading scheme (EU ETS) has an efficient and effective market design that risks being undermined by three interrelated…