Beyond the emissions pledges made by different countries, a cornerstone for ensuring the effectiveness of the 2015 international climate change agreement will be the mechanisms in place to hold states to account for how they live up to their commitments. While legal form has been viewed as an important indicator of the strength of the agreement, it highlights how accountability mechanisms at both the international as well as domestic levels can be strengthened irrespective of the international legal form chosen for the agreement.
This policy brief suggests that several actions can be taken by governments and other actors to strengthen the effectiveness of the 2015 agreement. It emphasizes that it requires a mix of steps at the domestic and international level that are aimed to strengthen accountability.

CS Policy Brief 1 here.