This policy brief is based on the output pf the project Carbon-CAP: Consumption- based Accounting and Policies. This project aims to stimulate an effective climate policy mix – in the EU and internationally – that can address increasing consumption-related emissions in addition to the current focus on production emissions. It combines work on accounting models with cutting-edge policy research. Tackling climate change requires complementing production-focused policies with consumption-based approaches. Doing so can also help to more directly address consumption as a driver of increasing emissions by realising a wider range of mitigation options along the value chain and at the point of final consumption.