Comparing insights from Ghana, Colombia, and Indonesia

This report based on case studies in Ghana, Colombia and Indonesia finds there is no one-size-fits-all approach to just transitions. Rather, each country needs to develop its own definition to respond to the needs of their citizens and economies. The report is a collaboration between Climate Strategies and Fedesarrollo (Colombia), Dala Institute (Indonesia) and University of Ghana. You can also read the report in Spanish and Indonesian.

Key Findings
  • Developing just transition strategies in developing countries requires establishing and maintaining relationships with relevant stakeholders to enable ownership of the just transition process.
  • Collaboration and co-production allow stakeholders to address current and potential inequalities.
  • There’s a need to further develop the just transition framework to consider the situation of developing countries.
Recommended guiding principles to develop just transitions strategies in developing countries

To unlock a successful just transition tailored to the specific context of a country, the report lists several guiding principles for national governments:

  • To establish the institutional foundation for a just transition, governments could, for example,
    • draw on external capacity building support from non-government sources,
    • form a working group with government officials and relevant stakeholders to co-produce just transition strategies 
    • Assign a department or official to coordinate all just transition activities.
  • To ensure participatory decision-making, governments can consider to
    • Identify relevant non-government stakeholders and ease dialogue with those groups,
    • Engage in dialogue with relevant groups to identify opportunities to respond to inequalities as part of just transition strategies,
    • Adopt their own definition of a just transition that helps communicate the purpose and benefits to all relevant stakeholders in the country.