EU Governance of Renewable Energy Post-2020: Risks and Options

Following the European Commission’s 2030 climate and energy
communication of January 2014 and the EU Council of October 2014, it is expected that the EU’s post-2020 renewable energy and energy efficiency policy framework will alter significantly. One major difference would be the removal of nationally binding renewable energy targets after 2020. This change could have a significant impact on the chances for the EU to meet its own binding 2030 renewable energy target. The risk that this non-binding bottom-up approach does not deliver the EU 2030 target could be significant given that several Member States are currently not on track to meet their
(lower) binding national targets for 2020. To mitigate this concern, the European Commission considers the introduction of a new energy governance system that seeks to address the middle ground between Member States’ increased flexibility (including the competence on its energy mix) and the goals set at EU level. However, little is known about this proposed governance system, most importantly if it will succeed in bringing about the EU-wide
This paper’s goal is to explore what a post-2020 EU renewable energy policy and governance system might look like and what the options are to secure enhanced deployment of renewable energy across the EU, even in the absence of nationally binding targets.

This report is part of the Climate Strategies project on EU2030 Climate and Energy Policies. The report was published as part of the EU Governance workpackage of this project.