What is the frontier of good policy practices in climate action in transport and buildings sectors in the Central and Eastern Europe region? What can CEE countries learn from each other in this area? This brochure prepared by WiseEuropa, Climate Strategies and Expert Forum under the CEE Climate Policy Frontier project, in cooperation with national experts from the region, presents the answer to these questions based on indicator and policy analysis covering six countries: Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria.
The publication highlights best climate-friendly transport and building policies on the national level, illustrated by relevant local case studies. Moreover, it presents promising areas of intra-regional cooperation and knowledge exchange on various measures supporting low-emission transition on the sectoral level. The report covers policies related to electromobility and low-emission vehicles (Jedlik Ányos Action Plan in Hungary, rollout of electric public transportation bus fleets in Poland, Romanian “Rabla” programme), sustainable transport modes (modernisation of the railway system in Slovakia and Czech approach to development of public transport), clean heating sources (Polish solar collectors support scheme, Czech “New green savings” and boiler subsidy programmes) and energy efficiency in buildings (retrofit support programmes in Slovakia and EIB loans in Romania).
The assessment of the past and current experiences shows that there are numerous opportunities for the CEE countries to learn from each other both in the transport and buildings sectors. Some of the promising areas covered in the report are systemic, overarching approaches (such as public transport support in the Czech Republic or Slovak retrofit programmes) which enable broader shifts of energy and emission indicators on a national scale. Others provide examples of efficiently implemented solutions which target the public funds where they are most needed or distribute them rapidly on a large scale (e.g. Czech and Polish clean heat support programmes). Finally, the CEE countries can learn from the experiences of the regional first movers, such as Hungarian or Polish electromobility support programmes.
(Text by WiseEuropa)
This project is part of the European Climate Initiative (EUKI). EUKI is a project financing instrument by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The EUKI competition for project ideas is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. It is the overarching goal of the EUKI to foster climate cooperation within the European Union (EU) in order to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.