The EU 2030 Framework for Climate and Energy Policies

New  (blueprint) paper on Governance
This is the output of the project’s last workstream: Governance of the EU2030 Climate and Energy Package. The paper is not to be used for quoting as it is still in draft format. We are currently collecting comments and feedback from various sources and will soon publish the final version.

Please download the paper HEREand send your comments to

On 27 March 2013, the European Commission adopted the Green Paper on “A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies”. This document launched a public consultation lasting until 2 July, allowing Member States, other EU institutions and stakeholders to express their views on the type, nature and level of potential climate and energy targets for 2030, but also on other important aspects of EU energy policy over the next decade and a half. These views fed into the Commission’s on-going preparations for more concrete proposals for the 2030 framework which was tabled by the end of 2013.

The Commission launched the debate on the post 2020 framework. However, it is unlikely that its annual Communication will give much detail on targets, policies and effort sharing

At the same time, the international calendar (2014 Ban Ki-moon summit on climate, COP21 in 2015) will put pressure on the EU to advance with the development of the post 2020 framework. Indeed this agenda has been put on the table for the March 2014 Council summit. However, in the current context, Member States will be reluctant to agree to political objectives without having a clearer idea of their concrete implementation.

Given the departure of the Commission in 2014, there has been an “analytical gap” during the key political negotiations. Moreover, the current context – economic crisis, the trend toward nationalization and fragmentation of policy, and interrogation regarding the EU’s climate policy effectiveness – means that policy innovation is required: extrapolating existing policy is likely to be insufficient.

This point is reinforced by the fact that the structural transformations in the decade 2020-2030 are not the same as in the decade to 2020: new decarbonisation challenges will require new policy approaches.

In the Download box you will find the four papers produced to date for this project.


The objective of this project is to provide innovative, scientifically robust policy analysis on targeted issues within in the debate on the post-2020 climate and energy policy framework.

Each individual work-stream is intended to focus on a political or technical “choke-point” within the package discussions, rather than addressing all issues.

In this way the project can maximize policy relevance will remaining manageable and flexible, and ensuring timely delivery of results.

Work stream 1: Approaches to EU effort sharing, solidarity and reconciling energy security and climate agendas.

Work stream 2: Reforming the EU Emissions Trading

Work stream 3: The Governance of the 2030 Package


This project is convened by Climate Strategies with the support of IDDRI.

In addition, the project will involve a core group of researchers from diverse academic backgrounds (EU law and institutions, climate policy and economics, energy market and infrastructure policy and economics).