The EU 2030 Framework for Climate and Energy Policies

Year: 2014 Past Project

  • Overview

    On 27 March 2013, the European Commission adopted the Green Paper on “A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies”. This document launched a public consultation allowing Member States, other EU institutions and stakeholders to express their views on the type, nature and level of potential climate and energy targets for 2030, but also on other important aspects of EU energy policy over the next decade and a half. These views fed into the Commission’s on-going preparations for more concrete proposals for the 2030 framework which was tabled by the end of 2013. Member States were reluctant to agree to political objectives without having a clearer idea of their concrete implementation.

    Given the departure of the Commission in 2014, there was an “analytical gap” during the key political negotiations. The context – economic crisis, the trend toward nationalization and fragmentation of policy, and interrogation regarding the EU’s climate policy effectiveness – meant that policy innovation was required – existing policy was deemed insufficient.

    This point is reinforced by the fact that the structural transformations in the decade 2020-2030 are not the same as in the decade to 2020: new decarbonisation challenges will require new policy approaches. This project rose to these challenges, providing robust policy analysis to targeted issues within this complex debate.

  • Objectives

    The objective of this project was:

    • to provide innovative, scientifically robust policy analysis on targeted issues within the debate on the post-2020 climate and energy policy framework.
    • focus on a political or technical “choke-point” within the package discussions, rather than addressing all issues
    • maximize policy relevance will remaining manageable and flexible, and ensuring timely delivery of results.

  • Partners

    This project is convened by Climate Strategies with the support of IDDRI. In addition, the project involved a core group of researchers from diverse academic backgrounds (EU law and institutions, climate policy and economics, energy market and infrastructure policy and economics).