The EU 2020 Strategy: Lessons for Regional Cooperation and EU Governance

This project contributed to the early iterations of the EU 2020 climate strategy, which is now taken form as the European Green Deal.

Year: 2015 Past Project

  • Overview

    In 2015, two ongoing political processes were set to shape the future of EU energy and climate policy.

    On the one hand, following up on the 2020 Strategy, the European Commission and the Member States sought to move forward and design a 2030 Climate Framework that would address climate change and energy transformation in a manner acceptable for all the parties. On the other hand, partly as a consequence of the Ukraine crisis, the incoming president of the European Council and former Prime Minister of Poland Donald Tusk proposed creation of an Energy Union as a political project that could effectively address the “energy trilemma” of sustainability, affordability and security. 

    Both these processes, however, continued to unfold against the well-known background of a well-known European energy governance paradox: that the EU requires solidarity and energy policy coordination, while at the same time safeguarding nearly full national sovereignty over energy policies and systems.

    This project worked to navigate this terrain, and  contribute to the early iterations of the EU 2020 climate strategy, which is now taken form as the European Green Deal. It involved inviting experts to submit papers that combine policy relevance with academic and methodological rigor. In order to enable learning from the lessons of the 2020 Strategy, the papers will focus on key elements of energy governance and cover aspects of both regional cooperation and coordination and EU level processes.

  • Impact

    Selected papers were published in a Special Issue of the Climate Policy Journal informed the agenda of the 2015 conference. This event was co-hosted by Climate Strategies, DIW Berlin, the Hertie School of Governance and the European Commission’s office in Berlin. 

    Based on the lessons from the governance experience of the 2020 Strategy for the post-2020 period the conference focused on improving coordination and cooperation within the EU that would allow EU member states to achieve their renewable energy and climate targets.