South to South Just Transitions

There is no one size fits all framework for a just transition.

Building on research from previous Climate Strategies projects, this project works with partners in 9 developing countries to develop and contextualise their just transition strategies.

Year: 2021 Current Project

  • Overview

    This multi-year project aims to deconstruct the perception that just transition (JT) is only for developed countries and to enable the introduction of just transition strategies into developing and least developed country climate plans.


    Just transition has been established by government parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC 1992) and the Paris Agreement (UNFCCC 2015) as a key socio-economic element of the policies and measures, encompassing interventions to secure workers’ rights and communities’ livelihoods. During COP24 in Katowice in 2018, the Solidarity and Just Transition Silesia Declaration was adpoted by heads of states representing 45 countries. Following an event in partnership with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Polish COP24 Precidency, Climate Strategies published a policy brief which identified that just transition strategies in developing countries were under researched in comparison to developed countries.

    At the following COP25 in Madrid, Climate Strategies hosted a Just Transition Policy Roundtable that comprised of UN and ILO representatives, government representatives, business and trade unions and research institutions, all of which provided a developing country perspective developing countries. Details of this event and further exploration into just transitions in developing countries can be found in our Relection Paper.

    Just Transitions in Developing Countries

    Whilst the principles of a just transition may still apply – the situations of the many different developing countries are so diverse that each country must tailor and develop their own definition of a just transition.


    The project will build on previous research in Ghana, Colombia and Indonesia, adding new insights from Vietnam, Kenya, Argentina, Laos, Malawi and Bangladesh.

  • Objectives

    The project will demonstrate the possibility for just transition in developing countries, enabling them to achieve timely and inclusive just transitions to low-carbon economies.

    Objectvies and opportunities for change include:

  • Partners

    This project is lead by Climate Strategies, in partnership with Dala Institute (Indonesia), Fedesarollo (Colombia), the University of Ghana, the University of Liberal Arts (Bangladesh), EfD Kenya, CEPA (Malawi), Hanoi University of Science and Technology (Vietnam), National University of Laos and Sociedad y Naturaleza (Argentina).

    The project is supported by the European Climate Foundation and Porticus Foundation.

    Dala Institute


    University of Ghana

    University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh

    EfD Kenya

    CEPA Malawi

    HUST Vietnam

    National University of Laos