South to South Just Transitions

There is no one size fits all framework for a just transition.

This multi-year project brings together research institutions across nine countries in the Global South, in a novel approach to developing alternative, and context-specific just transition strategies.

Year: 2021 Current Project

  • Overview

    This project is lead by Climate Strategies, in partnership with Dala Institute (Indonesia), Fedesarollo (Colombia), the University of Ghana, the University of Liberal Arts (Bangladesh), EfD KenyaCEPA (Malawi), Hanoi University of Science and Technology (Vietnam), National University of Laos and Sociedad y Naturaleza (Argentina).

    updated partners map south to south transitions

    Just Transitions in Developing Countries

    Developing just transition strategies for countries in the global south can be complex and challenging, with a number of factors to take into consideration. Whilst the principles of a just transition can still be applied – the situations and contexts in these countries are so diverse that each country must tailor and develop their own definition of a just transition. Our previous research in Ghana, Colombia and Indonesia explored how the just transition principles can be tailored and implements in these 3 diverse countries. The research found:

    • Developing just transition strategies in global south countries requires establishing and maintaining relationships with relevant stakeholders to enable ownership of the just transition process.
    • Collaboration and co-production allow stakeholders to address current and potential inequalities.
    • There’s a need to further develop the just transition framework to consider the situation of developing countries.

    South to South Just Transitions

    The project will demonstrate the possibility for just transition in developing countries, enabling them to achieve timely and inclusive just transitions to low-carbon economies. Working with in-country partners allows for localised and specialised knowledge and understanding to be at the core of this project.

    Objectives and opportunities for change include:

    There is no one size fits all framework for a just transition, as countries across the world have their own unique contexts, sectors, and cultures. However, through collaboration, commonalities can be found through similar challenges and opportunities. Together we can develop a clearer picture of what just transitions can look like, and importantly, how a just, inclusive approach can accelerate climate action.

    The project is supported by the European Climate Foundation and Porticus Foundation.


  • Background


    Just transition has been established by government parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC 1992) and the Paris Agreement (UNFCCC 2015) as a key socio-economic element of the policies and measures, encompassing interventions to secure workers’ rights and communities’ livelihoods. During COP24 in Katowice in 2018, the Solidarity and Just Transition Silesia Declaration was adpoted by heads of states representing 45 countries. Following an event in partnership with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Polish COP24 Precidency, Climate Strategies published a policy brief which identified that just transition strategies in developing countries were under researched in comparison to developed countries.

    At the following COP25 in Madrid, Climate Strategies hosted a Just Transition Policy Roundtable that comprised of UN and ILO representatives, government representatives, business and trade unions and research institutions, all of which provided a developing country perspective developing countries. Details of this event and further exploration into just transitions in developing countries can be found in our Relection Paper.

  • Events

    Join us at COP26

    Join us at the UN Climate Change Conference COP26 in Glasgow (and virtually) for this event on just transition perspectives from around the globe. (Wed, 3 Nov 2021).

  • Publications

    This list so far includes reports from the previous project phase. We will update the list as more insights become available.

    Final report from the previous project phase:


    In-country reports


    Additional resources