Incorporating Just Transition Strategies in Developing Country NDCs and post-Covid responses


    No Related Publications
    No Related News or Events


Download this brief for a quick project overview

In the year when governments are revising their Nationally Determined Contributions per commitments made under the UNFCCC Paris Agreement, the Covid-19 pandemic has forced them to divert resources to look inward at the urgent impacts of the crisis.

The dual imperatives of just transition in NDCs and Covid responses require integrated action that addresses existing issues of equity while building long-term, sustainable strategies and infrastructure to reach net-zero emissions in a virus-free society.

Before the crisis, the just transition concept was perceived as a way to embed participation and equity into climate action. It now offers a lifeline by aiding governments to address the overlapping crises of the Covid-19 economic recovery and climate action.

Our previous project on integrating Just Transition strategies in developing country NDCs:

  • exposed the lack of practical information on how just transition principles can be applied in developing countries;
  • found the existing comprehension and information being overwhelmingly developed country-focused;
  • outlined the need for clear recommendations for developing country policy-makers to implement just transition strategies;
  • produced a reflection paper which influenced governments such as Chile to update their NDC to include a commitment to a just transition strategy by 2021, and countries such as Andorra embed the core tenets of a Just Transition such as stakeholder participation, education and social protection for disadvantaged groups.

There is an urgent need to adapt the just transition concept to the context of developing countries, providing practical advice and drawing out broader recommendations to integrate into Covid-19 responses by focusing on labour market planning.

This project works with partners in Ghana, Colombia and Indonesia to assess the national context, developing recommendations on integrating just transition strategies into their NDCs and COVID response strategies. 



This project aims to:

  • Develop clear and specific recommendations for the regions of Africa, Asia and Latin America  based on in-depth case studies  of a selected country in each region, to enable the integration of just transition strategies into NDCs and Covid responses.
  • Create links between donors and the just transition  , indicating the need for governments in developing countries to reform labour markets and creating links with policy-makers.
  • Work with in-country partners to bring together key stakeholders  with governments to establish relationships essential for long-term integrated transition planning.
  • Focus on inclusion of informal workers  , who are currently absent from just transition dialogues and remain unprotected in state Covid response packages, yet make up a significant proportion of developing country labour markets.



This project is lead by Climate Strategies, in partnership with Dala Institute (Indonesia), Fedesarollo (Colombia), the University of Ghana (Ghana) and Stockholm Environment Institute.