Incorporating just transition strategies into developing and least developed countries climate policies

Building on research from previous Climate Strategies projects, this project aims to support governments of developing and least developed countries in developing and integrating just transition strategies in their climate policies.

Year: 2021 Current Project

  • Overview

    This multi-year project aims to deconstruct the perception that just transition (JT) is only for developed countries and to enable the introduction of just transition strategies into developing and least developed country climate plans  aligning with development priorities and the commitments under the Paris Agreement. By building a better understanding and testing methodologies for how the just transition concept can be understood and achieved in domestic economies, our project will also address the global challenge of inequality in sustainable development. This will ultimately support formal and informal worker security across different sectors in the focus countries and beyond. The project will build on previous research in Ghana, Colombia and Indonesia, adding new insights from Vietnam, Kenya, Argentina, Laos, Malawi and Bangladesh.


    Just transition has been established by government parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC 1992) and the Paris Agreement (UNFCCC 2015) as a key socio-economic element of the policies and measures, encompassing interventions to secure workers’ rights and communities’ livelihoods. There has been relatively little translation and practical application of the just transition concept in developing countries, despite requirements for Paris-compatible policies and measures. There is now an urgent need to support developing country governments in utilising the just transition concept in the manner that is relevant to their circumstances, including why it is recommended to include in their climate policies and strategies, and how that could be achieved.

  • Outcomes

    • Key stakeholders across sectors to be engaged, informed and active participants in the development and implementation of JT commitments and strategies with governments.
    • Governments to have a clear understanding of the JT concept and principles, and how they can be applied in their specific contexts.
    • Ambitious, timely and locally relevant JT commitments to be included in domestic climate change policies and strategies.
    •  Joint programmes to be agreed with donors and investors e.g., regional or MDBs.
    • JT commitments and related policies to be officially reported to the UNFCCC (e.g., through NDCs, biannual and ongoing reports).

  • Partners

    This project is lead by Climate Strategies, in partnership with Dala Institute (Indonesia), Fedesarollo (Colombia), the University of Ghana (Ghana). We will announce the research partners in Vietnam, Kenya, Argentina, Laos, Malawi and Pakistan shortly.

    The project is supported by the European Climate Foundation and Porticus Foundation.