Background

COP21: Results and Implications for Pathways and Policies for Low Emissions European Societies (RIPPLES)

COP21 RIPPLES works to bridge the gap between Paris Targets and current European plans, developing interdisciplinary approaches to fuel political action and support evidence-based decision making. The three-year project was timed with a view to creating the conditions for the revision of European NDC in 2020.

Year: 2016 Past Project

  • Overview

    COP21 saw the ratification of the Paris Agreement, a momentous and historic moment for climate action. However, the outcome presents a new strategic context for the EU’s climate policy.

    Understanding the implications of this needs an interdisciplinary approach, which draws on analysis of the evolution of the international climate regime and of countries Nationally Determined Contributions.

    COP21 RIPPLES works to bridge the gap between Paris Targets and current European plans, developing interdisciplinary approaches to fuel political action and support evidence-based decision making. The three-year project was timed with a view to creating the conditions for the revision of European NDC in 2020. 

    For further information, please visit the official project website.

  • Objectives

    In order to address the context described above, this project had four objectives:

    • Assess the adequacy of the NDCs submitted at COP21 in light of the global temperature target of 2°C/1.5°C, through the analysis of emission and energy system scenarios.
    • Assess the implications of NDCs and deeper mitigation pathways on other European socio-economic objectives, such as  innovation and technology; trade and competitiveness; investment, economic growth; and global energy markets and energy security.
    • Assess the outcomes of COP21, and the implications and opportunities emerging from ongoing UNFCCC negotiations. The project will undertake a social sciences-based assessment of the outcome of COP21.
    • Develop policy recommendations for EU climate policy and climate diplomacy.

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