COP21: Results and Implications for Pathways and Policies for Low Emissions European Societies (RIPPLES)



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The COP21 outcome represents an important new strategic context for EU climate policy. Analysing the implications of this new context requires an interdisciplinary approach, combining analysis of the evolution of the international climate regime as well as of NDCs and their socio-economic implications.

Such analysis is also urgent, given the timelines imposed by the Paris Agreement for a “facilitative dialogue” in 2018 with a view to creating the conditions for the revision of NDC in 2020.

In order to address the context described above, this project has four objectives:

  1. Assess the adequacy of the NDCs submitted at COP21 in light of the global temperature target of limiting warming to 2°C/1.5°C, through the analysis of GHG scenarios and energy system scenarios.
  2. Assess the implications of NDCs and deeper mitigation pathways on other European socio-economic objectives, related to innovation and technology deployment; trade and competiveness; investment, financial flows and economic growth; and global energy markets and energy security.
  3. Assess the adequacy of the outcomes of COP21, and the implications and opportunities emerging from ongoing UNFCCC negotiations. The project will undertake a social sciences-based (in particular international law and international relations) assessment of the outcome of COP21.
  4. Policy recommendations for EU climate policy and climate diplomacy.

The project officially launched in December 2016 and will run for three years.

The first project meeting was held in Paris, in January 2017. This meeting provided the first opportunity for consortium members to present initial ideas  and gather feedback for the scope of the project.

The second project meeting and first stakeholder workshop were held back-to-back in London, in June 2017. The event provided an opportunity for the project consortium to present project ideas to date to the External Advisory Board (EAB) for key feedback.

For further information, please visit the official project website.