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Climate Policy Frontier: Policy options from beyond Central and Eastern Europe to bridge the gap between the region and the Paris Agreement goals
Climate action within the transport and building sectors in the Central and Eastern European (CEE) region lags behind that of European front-runners and the overall pace of emissions reduction compatible with the Paris Agreement temperature limit target. Within the region, there are also significant differences between the effectiveness and efficiency of policy instruments, both in design and implementation.
Notwithstanding the significant differences between the transport and building sectors, they both share the characteristics of being deeply granular and decentralised, in contrast to the centralised EU ETS sectors. In addition, the variety of actors, whose cooperation is needed to accelerate emissions reduction (e.g. car manufacturers, local authorities, construction companies, homeowners) is a major challenge in achieving the project’s goal of supporting the CEE countries in reaching the frontier of excellence of climate action.
The policies and measures that could accelerate the spread of best practices in both sectors and go beyond the existing frontiers in the CEE countries must take into consideration a variety of interests, as well as established path dependencies in the form of the material infrastructure and habits.
The project aims to make a tangible contribution to the improvement of sectoral climate policies, specifically for policies addressing the two non-ETS sectors: transport and buildings, in the CEE region and on the European scale.
Through the envisaged actions, the project will:
- help enhance climate action and international transfer of best practices that focus specifically on accelerating the pace of emissions reduction from the transport and buildings sectors in the CEE region and beyond;
- enable the CEE states to implement policy solutions for effective emissions reduction;
- facilitate harmonisation of climate action efforts between and beyond the CEE countries, with acknowledgement of the factors that are responsible for current uneven progress (e.g. differences in the socio-economic and techno-logical development, and differences in the administrative capacity);
- increase ambitions in the non-ETS sectors and utilise the potential of existing solutions in these areas, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The project is being led by a consortium of WiseEuropa (Project Lead), Climate Analytics, Expert Forum (EFOR) and Climate Strategies.
The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, under the European Climate Initiative (EUKI).