Research to assess impacts on developing countries of measures to address emissions in the international aviation and shipping sectors

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International shipping and aviation account for approximately 5% of annual anthropogenic CO2 emissions and this is projected to increase in the coming decades. To address these emissions, market-based measures (MBMs) have been proposed to the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) by some of their Member States.

As MBMs raise the costs of aviation and maritime transport, they impact economies due to increased prices for passenger travel and exported and imported goods. The main objectives of the study were to:

(i) Assess the economic impacts of a number of MBMs on selected case study countries and globally; and

(ii) Determine the possible, and most effective and efficient tools to address or reduce these impacts, where they are deemed undesirable.

The study focuses on a selection of case study countries which, based on their economic structure, were anticipated to be negatively impacted by MBMs for international shipping and aviation.

The report Annexes can be downloaded individually:

AnnexVIII-ImpactOnShippingSector

AnnexVII-AviationResults

AnnexVI.10-Chile

AnnexVI.9-Cook Islands

AnnexVI.8-Samoa

AnnexVI.7-Maldives

AnnexVI.6-Kenya

AnnexVI.5-Togo

AnnexVI.4-T&T

AnnexVI.3-India

AnnexVI.2-China

AnnexVI.1-Mexico

AnnexV-GlobalResults

AnnexIV-Methodology&Models

AnnexIII-Shipping_Specification_MBMs_Modelling_Assumptions

AnnexII-Aviation_Specification_MBMs_Modelling_Assumptions

AnnexI-CarbonReductionPolicies

Author: Annela Anger, Jasper Faber, Marnix Koopman, Andre van Velzen, Katy Long, Hector Pollitt, Claudia Comberti, Terry Barker, Dora Fazekas, Andrzej Błachowicz
Year: 2013
Type: Final paper
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